Cancer Awareness

Cancer is a disease that is constantly on the rise in our modern world. It is a disease that plagues millions of families all over the world and takes the young, old, rich and poor all the same. There are different forms of cancer and one that is on the rise at an alarming rate is breast cancer. It is a global disease but it seems to be a particularly troubling crisis in India with a sudden surge in the number of younger age groups being affected.

Cancers that affect the younger age group tend to be quiet aggressive in their development. A lot of these patients approach the doctors too late and it is very hard to help them at the last stages. This issue of late diagnosis of the disease is mainly due to a lack of awareness about the disease and its potential dangers. Apart from this, the numbers of screening facilities are limited unlike the West where most cases are reported on time.

While it is important to spread awareness about the disease, it is equally important to discuss groundbreaking technologies that have changed the process of diagnosis and treatment to save lives of so many individuals.

Technology is constantly improving in order to be able to battle such fatal diseases and one such breakthrough in modern science is the introduction of the Hologic Selenia Dimensions mammography system for 3D Tomosynthesis.

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15 Cancer Symptoms Men should not Ignore and see to the doctor

Disclaimer: All or most of the following symptoms can also be caused by Non-cancer diseases. Nevertheless, they need to be checked for correct diagnosis and treatment.

1. Problems while passing urine

Many men have some problems urinating, as they get older, like: 
– Need to pass urine more often, especially at night
– Dribbling, leaking, or an urgent need to go 
– Trouble starting to urinate, or a weak / thin stream
An enlarged prostate gland usually causes these symptoms, but so can prostate cancer. See your
doctor to check on the cause of the problem. He’ll give you an exam to look for an enlarged
prostate, and he may talk to you about a blood test (called a PSA test) for prostate cancer.

2. Changes in your Testicles

If you notice a lump, heaviness, or any other change in your testicle, never delay having it looked at by a doctor. Unlike prostate cancer, which grows slowly, testicular cancer can grow very fast. Your doctor will look for any problems with a physical exam, may order blood tests including some tumor markers, and an ultrasound of your scrotum.

3. Blood in your Urine or Stool or a Tummy upset

These can be among the first signs of cancer of the bladder, kidneys, Prostate or colon / rectum. It’s a good idea to see your doctor for any bleeding that’s not normal, even if you don’t have any other symptoms. Although you’re more likely to have a problem that’s not cancer, like hemorrhoids or a urinary infection, it’s important to find and treat the cause.

Tummy pain or upset tummy is usually because of ulcer or some infection but I could also be a sign of cancer inside the  abdomen, which could arise from any part of the digestive system. Rectal cancer can give rise to a feeling of passing stool again and again.

4. Skin Changes

When you notice a change in the size (increase), shape (irregular margin or getting elevated), or color (darkening) of a mole or other spot on your skin, see your doctor as soon as you can. Bleeding or itching in an existing mole could also be a sign of cancer. Spots that are new or look different are also signs of skin cancer. You’ll need an exam and perhaps a biopsy, which means doctor would remove a small piece of tissue for testing.

5. Enlarged Lymph Nodes

Swollen lymph nodes, small bean-shaped glands found in your neck, armpits, and other places,  often signal that something’s going on in your body, specially if they are painless. Usually, they mean your immune system is fighting a sore throat or cold, but certain cancers also can also make them change. Have your doctor check any swelling that doesn’t get better in 2 to 4 weeks.

6. Difficulty in Swallowing

Some people have trouble swallowing from time to time. But if your problems don’t go away beyond 3-4 weeks and you’re also losing weight or have vomiting, your doctor may want to check you for throat or food pipe (esophagus) cancer. A throat examination and an endoscopy may be needed.

7. Heartburn

You can take care of most cases of heartburn with changes to your diet, drinking habits, and stress levels. If that doesn’t help, ask your doctor to look into your symptoms. Heartburn that doesn’t go away or gets worse  could mean stomach or throat or esophageal cancer.

8. Mouth Changes

If you smoke or chew tobacco, you have a higher risk of mouth cancer. Keep an eye out for white or red patches inside your mouth or on your lips. Be watchful of a non-healing painless ulcer. Talk to your doctor or dentist about tests and treatments. 

9. Weight loss without trying

Pants fitting a little looser? If you haven’t changed your diet or exercise habits, it could mean that stress or a thyroid problem is taking a toll. But losing 4-5 kgs or more without trying isn’t normal.

Although most unintended weight loss is not cancer, it’s one of the signs of cancer of the pancreas, stomach, or lungs. Your doctor can find out more with blood tests and scans that make detailed pictures of the inside of your body.

10. Fever

A fever is usually not a bad thing — it means your body is fighting an infection. But one that won’t go away and doesn’t have an explanation could signal leukemia or another type of blood cancer. Your doctor should take your medical history and give you a physical exam to check on the cause.

11. Breast Changes

Men tend to ignore breast lumps because breast cancer isn’t on their radar. But 1% of all breast cancers occur in men, although they’re usually diagnosed much later. Don’t take any chances and get it checked

12. Fatigue

Many types of cancer cause a bone-deep tiredness that never gets better, no matter how much rest you get. It’s different from the exhaustion you feel after a hectic week or a lot of activity. If fatigue is affecting your daily life, talk to your doctor.

13. Cough

In nonsmokers, a nagging cough is almost never cancer. Most go away after 3 to 4 weeks. If yours doesn’t, and you’re short of breath or cough up blood, don’t delay a visit to your doctor, especially if you smoke. A cough is the most common sign of lung cancer.

14. Pain

Cancer doesn’t cause most aches and pains, but if you’re hurting for more than a month, don’t just grin and bear it. Ongoing pain can be a signal of many types of cancer, especially those that have spread. Certain types of bone cancers can give rise to pain in early stages also.

15. Jaundice

Liver infection or a gall bladder stone slipping into the bile duct causing an obstruction to the bile flow that leads to jaundice are common causes of jaundice. However, a tumor that obstructs the flow of bile such as pancreatic, gall bladder or bile duct cancer can also cause jaundice that is
painless unlike the painful one due to infection.

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